Pelvic pain affects the pelvis and the lowest part of the abdomen. It may affect both men and women. In women, however, the pelvic pain may be caused by problems in the reproductive, digestive or urinary systems.
Pelvic pain may be dull or sharp, mild to severe, constant or intermittent, depending on the source and cause of the symptom. In some cases, the pain radiates in the lower back, thighs or buttocks. It may also worsen when urinating or during sex. If the case is chronic, the pelvic pain has been constantly or intermittently causing problems for six months or more.
The pain itself is a symptom. Depending on the cause, this pain may be acute or chronic, persistent or intermittent, mild or severe. Aside from the pain, there may be other symptoms as well. These include menstrual cramps, menstrual pain and vaginal bleeding among women. In general, other associated symptoms are constipation or diarrhea, painful urination, bloating, blood in the stool, pain during intercourse, fever, chills, and pain in the groin and hip area.
Understanding these symptoms help in determining the cause of the problem, as well as in finding the right treatment and pain management solution.
Causes of Pelvic Pain
There are different possible causes of pelvic pain. The pain may arise from problems in the urinary, reproductive or digestive system. Chronic pelvic pain, in some cases, may also be due to problems in the ligaments and muscles in the pelvic floor.
In women, the possible causes of pelvic pain include the following: adenomyosis, ectopic pregnancy, Mittelschmerz, miscarriage, menstrual cramps, endometriosis, pelvic inflammation, ovarian cyst, ovarian cancer, vulvodynia and uterine fibroids.
In men and women, the possible causes include colon cancer, appendicitis, constipation, Crohn’s disease, fibromyalgia, diverticulitis, inguinal hernia, painful bladder syndrome, kidney stones, irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal obstruction, pelvic floor muscle spasms, ulcerative colitis, prostatitis and urinary tract infection.
Treatment for Pelvic Pain
Pelvic pain treatments vary, depending on how intense the pain is and what is causing it, among other factors. Common treatments for the pain are non-prescription and prescription medications such as pain relievers and antibiotics. However, in other cases, especially in severe ones, surgery or other invasive procedures may be needed.
AZ Pain and Spine Institute provides pain management solutions for pelvic pain. Based on the result of the diagnoses, the cause of the pain, the severity of the pain and other factors, we offer a specific or a combination of various treatments for the betterment of our patient.
Why You Should Reach Out to AZ Pain and Spine
We are equipped with cutting-edge technology and state-of-the-art facilities. We also have a team of experienced and highly specialized professionals. As pain specialists, we can provide you with the necessary treatment for pelvic pain and other pain conditions.
Make an appointment with AZ Pain and Spine Institute today to get started with your treatment.