Osteoarthritis, otherwise known as degenerative arthritis, is the most popular, if not the most frequent case of arthritis plaguing millions in the whole world. It is the slow eroding of the cartilage in the joints. The cartilage is the protective connective tissue at the end of the bones connecting the joints. Albeit, that osteoarthritis is more than able to damage any bone joint in the body it is found to be commonly affecting the hips, spine, hands and knees.
Even though the underlying process of osteoarthritis can no longer be stopped nor changed, maintaining an active lifestyle coupled with a healthy weight reduction program can help slow down the deterioration of the cartilage and help manage the pain and improve joint movement.
Osteoarthritis is a worsening disease that develops over a period of time. Although, is commonly the result of a traumatic accident (hip) to the joint, it occurs as the cartilage develops a rough texture, it wears down over time leaving a big possibility of bone to bone friction. Although most common in older female, especially those whose work pose great tension on the hips and joints. Those who have a particular ailment, bone malfunction or a genetic tendency have a big chance of acquiring osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis symptoms gradually develop and is aggravated over a period of time. Symptoms include but not limited to pain during motion or after, the affected area feels tender when pressure is applied, stiffness can be felt after waking up in the morning or after a long inactivity, grating can be either heard or felt and bone spurs, these are like bone growth that feels like bumps developing around the affected area.
Treatment is largely dependent on the severity of the disease. Medical care can be developed depending on your need. It can range from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory prescriptions, corticosteroid injections and of course physical therapy. The doctor may also prescribe weight loss or shoe orthotics to alleviate tension on the joint. Should these treatment options fail and the condition persists, surgery can be an option to mend the joints.