Back Pain

Back pain is the leading cause of disability according to research. Many people have experienced back pain at least once in their lifetime. It is one of the common reasons why people miss work and why they go see doctor. Back pain may be caused by a bad posture, an injury, strenuous activity, or an underlying condition. It may be treated with home remedies and rest. However, in other cases, it can sometimes be  a sign of something more serious, and specific medical treatment and approach are needed.

Back Pain Symptoms

Back pain symptoms vary, depending on what’s causing it. However, the common signs and symptoms of back pain include the following:

  • Stabbing or shooting pain.
  • Muscle ache.
  • Limited range of motion and flexibility.
  • The pain radiates down to the legs.

Conditions with Back Pain as One Symptom

As already mentioned, the symptoms vary depending on the type of condition causing the pain. The following are the common conditions that cause back issues:

    • Cervical Radiculopathy

This condition is also known as “pinched nerve.” It occurs when there is an irritated or compressed nerve in the neck. The pain does not only affect the neck, but also radiates to the shoulders. The pain may also come with other symptoms like numbness and muscle weakness.

    • Disc Herniation

This condition affects the disc between the vertebrae found in the spine. Disc herniation can irritate or compress nerves which results in pain, weakness, tingling and/or numbness in the arm or leg.

    • Facet Joint Syndrome

This syndrome is pain that affects the joint found between the vertebrae in the spine. The joints in the spine allow you to bend, twist and be flexible. If they are affected, then you may experience the following symptoms: lumbar and cervical face joint pain, low back pain, discomfort, inflammation and tenderness.

    • Post Laminectomy Syndrome

Laminectomy is a procedure involving the removal of a part of the vertebra protecting the spinal cord. When the patient experiences a persistent pain following the back surgery, then he/she may have post-laminectomy syndrome. The symptoms may include persistent back pain and leg pain in some cases.

    • Sciatica

This condition is a nerve pain caused by the irritation of the largest nerve in the body, the sciatic nerve. Sciatica usually affects one side of the lower body. It causes pain that radiates from the lower back, to the thigh, down to the leg. Aside from the searing, sharp and dull pain, the other common symptoms include numbness, weakness and prickling sensation.

    • Spinal Stenosis

This is the abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal. The narrowing results to a neurological deficit. Some of the common symptoms are pain, loss of motor control, paraesthesia and numbness.

    • Compression Fractures

Depending on the severity of the compression vertebral fractures, the main clinical symptoms include a combination of the following: back pain, limited spinal mobility, disability, and deformity.

    • Degenerative Disc Disease

As one ages, the spinal discs normally degenerates and changes. This is medically known as degenerative disc disease. The common symptoms of this condition include chronic pain, episodes of neck and back pain, and worsening of the pain when performing certain activities like lifting and bending.

    • Low Back Pain

Low back pain may be mild, severe or debilitating. It may come and go or may get worse in time. Depending on the cause of the back pain, the common symptoms include muscle spasms, tightness in the low back, burning and stinging pain, and difficulty performing certain activities.

Pain Management

Not all cases of back pain need professional intervention. Self-care, rest and home treatment may make the pain go away. However, there are instances when you need to see a medical professional. If the back pain extends down to the other parts of your body, or if it is accompanied by other symptoms like numbness, weakness and weight loss, then you need to seek medical help.

Simple headache and neck pain may be treated within days. With rest and self-care, you will get better. However, if the pain is caused by a more serous health issue, then you will need a more specialized treatment and pain management solution. This of course will require proper diagnosis of the underlying condition first. To be sure, only seek help from experienced, skilled specialists.

If you experience other symptoms other than pain, don’t wait any longer before you seek medical help. Make an appointment with the reliable, skilled and experienced specialists at Arizona Pain and Spine Institute.